Juliana Pig Breed Info (The Only Guide You Need!)

Mini Juliana pigs are the most beautiful pets you can have.

Juliana Pig Breed Info (The Only Guide You Need!)

NAMEJuliana PigKINGDOMAnimalia
SCIENTIFIC NAMESus scrofa domesticusPHYLUMChordata
LIFESPAN 10 – 15 yearsCLASSMammalia
WEIGHT20- 60 poundsORDERArtiodactyla
SIZE10 – 16 inchesFAMILYSuidae
Image Credit: WikiMedia.Org
BODYLean and muscular
EARSSmall and erect
HEADLong, straight snout
TAILStraight tail
NECKNo heavy jowls
LEGSStraight and set well apart
COLORATIONAlways spotted with a silver, white, red, rust, black, or cream
FEETStrong, closed, even, and forward facing
HEIGHT15 inches and taller
TEMPERATURE98 to 99 degrees
LIFESPAN10 to 15 years


The origins of Juliana pigs are unknown, and they are not recognized as true breeds.

They were, however, bred first in Europe to accompany owners as their pets on farms. They were created by selectively combining with other small pig breeds.


Juliana pigs are called miniature painted pigs due to their colorfully spotted appearance.

They have a long, lean, athletic body resembling a smaller version of a giant hog or feral pig.

Their body color has many variations like rust, silver, black, cream, red, or white colored.

They are called painted pigs because their coat markings look painted and differ from the coat color. The markings are black on a white coat, but there are many other variations.

Juliana Piglets Full Grown Size and Lifespan

A full-grown Juliana piglet will measure 10 to 16 inches in height and weigh between 20 and 40 pounds.

Their life expectancy is 10 to 15 years, but usually, Juliana pigs don’t live past five years due to genetic disorders caused by interbreeding and immuno skeletal issues.

Juliana Pig Advantages

  • Juliana pigs can serve you companionship for over 15 years if you provide them adequate nutrition and health care.
  • Juliana pigs are compassionate, adaptable, and pleasant. They can serve as playmates to both young and old and even to other pets in the house.
  • Juliana pigs are unfussy omnivores, meaning you can feed them anything as long as it looks edible. Their metabolism is resilient, and they run low on chances of falling ill.
  • Juliana pigs bond well with their owners, and their intelligence is comparable to a 3 – 4 years old child.
  • Juliana pigs don’t have sweat glands, and their minimal perspiration keeps them from smelling bad. They also have the instinct to assign lavatories, which keeps them from soiling their living spaces.
  • Juliana pigs have excellent memories, allowing them to remember commands and training.
  • Juliana pigs are low-maintenance pets. Their feed costs less than $25, oral deworming is done twice yearly, and hoof trimming is also done when needed.
  • Juliana pigs can be cleaned using regular human shampoo as they’re hypoallergenic animals. The absence of fur and the presence of hair on their skin make them less prone to allergic reactions.

Juliana Pigs Disadvantages

  • Juliana pigs can get pretty expensive considering the veterinary cost and large appetite.
  • Juliana pigs are sensitive animals with a range of emotions. When stressed, frustrated, or depressed, they become more destructive and stubborn.
  • Combine their curious nature with their energetic and playful personality, and you will see why they need ample open space to run around and exercise. You must provide them with regular walks to keep them from purposefully being disobedient, destructive, and sad.
  • Juliana pigs are indiscriminate eaters with a considerable appetite, resulting in obesity and potentially severe health issues.
  • Digging and rooting are their innate streaks; if you cannot tame these, they will result in potentially destructive behavior.
  • Vets that treat pigs are rare, and Juliana pigs tend to disguise their sickness or injuries. So you will need to know your Juliana pig’s specific disease, injury, or infection symptoms.


Owning a Juliana pig is similar to owning a dog. Their curious nature makes them bored very soon, and things around your home may be the target of their curiosity.

Though they are companion animals, they are most suited to an outdoor environment where they get plenty of space to move around and have fun. 

Once outside, don’t forget to provide them substantial shelter as your pet pig is susceptible to extreme hot and cold weather.

They also need protection from insect bites, parasites, and sunburn. A shallow mud pit will do the job, as it will call them on hot days, and act as an insect repellent, sunscreen, and skin conditioner simultaneously.

Fencing is another concern to secure your pet pig from predators.

Pigs are omnivores and require a balance of vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, fiber, and proteins. You can purchase mini pig feed from the store as well.

They will also be good with vegetable and fruit scraps, as long as they are not spoiled. 

Legality of Juliana Pigs

Juliana pigs are legal in every state of the US, according to the USDA.

Juliana Pig Facts 

Here are five fun facts you didn’t know about Juliana pigs:

  • Juliana pigs are also called miniature painted pigs.
  • Juliana pigs look like minor versions of large hogs.
  • When a Juliana pig is excited, its tail may curl or twist.
  • Juliana pigs are as bright and intelligent as a 3-4-year-old child.
  • Juliana pigs have black spots on their body, which can sometimes be white or red.
  • Juliana pigs are initially from Europe, where they were exclusively bred to work with humans.
  • Juliana pigs can be easily house-trained.
  • Juliana pigs constantly communicate with their fellows using an extensive and distinct vocabulary.

Juliana Pig Meat Information

Most people think eating them is unethical due to their pet status, but that’s not true.

Juliana pigs are farmed mainly because they can be bred on small farms and cost less.

So can you eat Juliana pigs? Yes, you can because they taste like all other pork species. Without worrying, you can cook delicious recipes and eat them without a second thought.


Here are some frequently asked questions about Juliana Pigs.

How much is a Juliana pig?

A purebred seven-week-old small Juliana pig sells for around $1000*.

How big do Juliana pigs get?

Juliana pigs will grow mainly during the first year of their life, which will continue till the third year. During this time, their weight will reach nearly 40 – 80 pounds depending on the diet you feed them. 

Do Juliana pigs make good pets?

Juliana pigs are very popular and make good pets because they are officially bred as companion pets to be pleasant and friendly. They are also brilliant, love to snuggle, and get along with other pet animals on the premises.

What is the smallest pig breed?


The smallest pig breed is the Kunekune.

Can Juliana pigs live outside?

Juliana pigs can live outside when the weather is warm or cool. During extreme weather conditions, you must consider their housing with an insulator like a straw bed for them to get warm and comfortable.

Do Juliana pigs get tusks?

Juliana pigs may get tusks if they are not neutered or spayed. On average, the male Juliana pigs get their first tusk trim between two and three years of age.

Do Juliana pigs shed?

Juliana pigs shed during the coat-blowing season, allowing them to lose all of their hair. Once the skin blowing is done, they will grow back a fresh coat of new hair.

Do mini pigs chew furniture?

Mini pigs are intelligent animals and need more stimulation than other pets; if they choose, they can be purposefully more destructive than you think. They have a natural destructive instinct to root and tear things apart, and chewing your furniture is just one of them. This is especially true if your mini pig goes through the teething stage when they are younger.

How much space does a Juliana pig need?

If your Juliana pig is bulkier, then he needs more space. As a rule of thumb, a Juliana pig pair might need a pen measuring at least 12 square meters, or about 0.5 square feet per kilogram of every pig’s body weight. 

Do mini pigs carry diseases?

Yes, mini pigs can carry diseases because they are equally hosting to several bacteria, ringworms, and viruses like other livestock animals. These germs cause intestinal illnesses in humans.

SmallPetsX.Com does not provide veterinary advice. Our aim to help small pet owners understand their pets a little better so that they can provide their pets with the life they deserve. All content is therefore for informational purposes only. If you're concerned about the health of your pet you should seek medical advice from a vet.

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